A Basic Disaster Supplies Kit should have enough supplies for at least two week or more for everyone in the family. It should include a basic first aid kit. The Red Cross has a handy guide.

A Go Kit might be stuffed in a backpack with basic camping supplies, food, water, radio, and a family plan for the first 72 hours. Make one for your car and for work. A larger earthquake kit for your home should have basic supplies for two weeks.

Start with three necessities:

  1. Water — one gallon per person per day. A two week supply is recommended. That’s 14 gallons per person.
  2. Food — items that don’t need to be refrigerated or cooked (e.g., peanut butter, canned meats, energy bars, canned fruits and vegetables, etc.)
  3. First Aid Kit — include any prescription and over-the counter medications.

Build an Emergency Kit
Here’s how to Build an Emergency Kit on a Budget, with a checklist from Oregon Public Health, FEMA and the Red Cross.

Store your kit in a structurally sound location. It should include the following:

  • Water – one to three gallons per person per day, for drinking, cooking and sanitary needs.
  • Food – ready to eat, non-perishable, high-protein, high-calorie foods that you enjoy (peanut butter, canned meats, energy bars, canned fruits and vegetables, etc.).
  • First aid kit and first aid reference guide.
  • Portable battery-operated radio and spare batteries.
  • Flashlights and spare batteries.
  • List of emergency contacts.
  • Blankets, extra clothing, sturdy shoes and gloves.
  • Can opener (non-electric).
  • Five days or more of critical medications
  • Extra pair of eyeglasses, copies of important documents and comfort items such as toys, books and games.
  • Food and water for pets.
  • Map of local area in case evacuation is necessary.
  • Crescent wrench for utility shut-off.
  • Duct tape and plastic sheeting or large plastic garbage bags.
  • Extra cash and coins for emergency purchases and pay phones.

First Aid Kit
You can buy a first aid kit or build one using the list below.

  • Disposable gloves (two pairs).
  • Scissors and safety pins.
  • Roller gauze and elastic bandages.
  • Non-stick sterile pads (different sizes).
  • Assorted adhesive bandages.
  • Triangle bandages (three).
  • Aspirin or substitute.
  • Antibiotic ointment.
  • Current prescriptions medicines.
  • Disinfectant (for cleaning wounds).
  • Petroleum jelly.
  • Cotton balls.
  • Sunscreen.
  • Thermometer.
  • Tongue depressors (two).
  • Soap and clean cloth/moistened towelettes.
  • Tweezers/needle.
  • Eye dressing or pad.
  • Paper tape.
  • Small plastic cup.
  • Pen and note paper.
  • Emergency phone numbers.
  • First aid reference guide or first aid manual.
  • Include usual non-prescription medications, including pain relievers, antacids, ipecac, laxatives, hydrocortisone cream and vitamins.

A Go Kit
You also might pack essential supplies in a backback that you can grab and go. Pack some gloves, bandages, flashlight, water, documentation of family members, and your family plan. Consider a Go Kit for your car, one for your workplace, and one for each family member. That bag could come in handy.

An Emergency GO-KIT PASSPORT is a printed and detailed emergency plan that each family member should carry.

Your Family Plan:
Your Family Plan gets everyone on the same page. It may be more important then putting food in a box. When phones are down, a Family Plan can save the day. Put a copy in everyone’s wallet or purse.

Meet Me Plan:
Decide on safe, familiar places where your family can reunite. This location should be accessible for everyone. If you have pets or service animals, think about animal-friendly locations. Identify the following places:

  • In your neighborhood: This is a place in your neighborhood where your household members will meet if there is a fire or other emergency and you need to leave your home. The meeting place could be a big tree, a mailbox at the end of the driveway, or a neighbor’s house.
  • Outside of your neighborhood: This is a place where your family will meet if a disaster happens when you’re not at home and you can’t get back to your home. This could be a library, community center, house of worship, or family friend’s home.
  • Out of town: This meeting place could be the home of a relative or family friend, if you cannot get home or to back to your community. Make sure everyone knows the address and discuss ways you would get there.

Communications Plan:

  • A spare, inexpensive smartphone with prepaid minutes may be handy. Pay As You Go Plans let you buy a lump sum of minutes or pay as little as $3/mo for 30 minutes of talk or 30 texts.
  • If you do not have a mobile phone, keep a prepaid phone card to use.
  • Use email, Twitter, Facebook, and other social media networks to communicate. That allows you to share information quickly with a widespread audience or to find out if loved ones are OK.
  • The Internet can be used for telephone calls through Voice over Internet Protocol. Calls and SMS text messages can be sent over 3G/4G or Wi-Fi. with a free app like Skype.
  • Test out the (Skype) app amongst yourselves. Regular cell phone service may be down or busy. Of course Internet access is likely to be “down” too!

Neighborhood Emergency Team Kit
A NET Kit is a backpack which contains the tools and materials a NET member may use in an emergency deployment. It is not the same as a home preparedness kit.

Basic gear includes:

  1. Backpack, 1200 in³ or larger
  2. Protective helmet
  3. Safety goggles
  4. N95 alpha-style mask (two pack)
  5. 4-in-1 tool
  6. Duct tape, 10 yd. roll
  7. LED Flashlight
  8. NET ID and lanyard
  9. 15” prybar
  10. NET vest
  11. Cutting tool
  12. Nylon cord, ¹⁄₈” 100’ roll
  13. Tough gloves
  14. Note pad and writing instrument
  15. Whistle
  16. AM/FM radio
  17. Kneepads
  18. First Aid kit

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